This monumental carved door is a noted Islamic period artifact from the 14th century, during the Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad's Bahri Mamluk dynasty. Originally positioned at the main entrance of the Madrasa of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad in Cairo, it stands approximately 13 feet in height and six feet wide.

Constructed using wood and overlaid with brass sheets, the door incorporates detailed geometric shapes and inscriptions in Arabic calligraphy, which offer both visual and symbolic interest. This design combines star and hexagonal patterns, generating an intricate and harmoniously complex whole. The inscribed Arabic text originates from the Quran, demonstrating the tradition of incorporating religious elements into major architectural pieces.

The door exemplifies Islamic art style, with a notable muqarnas or stalactite vaulting feature presenting within a broad panel. This architectural component, encased in scrollwork bands, is unique to Islamic design and alludes to an infinite expanse. It's purposeful inclusion additionally serves as a testament to the mathematical accuracy found within Islamic art.

The door's exterior is also characterized by substantial nail heads, which provided structural fortitude, but also function as decorative aspects. This combination of utility and aesthetic design encapsulates the inherent characteristics of the medieval Islamic era.

The reflective brass door was initially constructed for two main purposes: providing protection to the Madrasa and demonstrating Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad's power and prosperity. The door's aesthetic value, resiliency and superior craftsmanship have established it as a significant remnant of Sultan's rule and offer a comprehensive insight into 14th century Islamic art, politics, and culture.

Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo
Mosque of Mohammed Ali