The Gun Collection at the Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo, comprises an extensive aggregation of weapons dating from the 7th to the 19th centuries, showcasing a complete timeline of Islamic artistry and craftsmanship in warfare. The collection focuses on the intricate designs and stylizations utilized by craftsmen from different Islamic periods, emphasizing the role of decorative symbols in weaponry.

Central to the collection are the guns, often made from high-quality materials, including precious metals, reflecting the advanced technical ability involved in their production. These artifacts are not merely offensive devices but also function as status symbols and works of art. Many guns, produced between 16th to 19th centuries, feature finely polished wooden stocks embellished with carved ivory, mother of pearl, and occasionally set with semi-precious stones or turquoises.

Prominent examples from the collection include an elaborately decorated 18th-century Ottoman rifle, embellished with gold and silver floral motifs, and a stunning 17th-century Safavid Iranian matchlock musket displaying intricate miniature designs and lavish gold inlays.

The collection often features calligraphic inscriptions in thuluth script, presenting prayers, blessings, or Qur'anic verses on the weapon. These inscriptions, while offering protective qualities for the user, exemplify the value placed on the written word in Islamic culture.

Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo
Mosque of Mohammed Ali