The artifact, dating from Egypt's 6th Dynasty (approximately 2338-2298 BCE), originates from the pyramid of King Pepi I in Saqqara. The pyramid is notable for its reliquary inscriptions found within the burial chambers, underground passages, and galleries.

This piece is a key component of the Pyramid Texts, a compilation of ancient spells, prayers, and incantations from the Old Kingdom. The text is testimonial of the king's divine status and alludes to rituals pertaining to the afterlife and reincarnation. The utilization of hieroglyphic script on limestone constitutes an example of the prevalent writing method and theological beliefs of that period.

The medium, a fragmentary block of limestone, has dimensions of approximately 52 cm by 38 cm, with an approximate depth of 8 cm. Owing to the material's age, visible deterioration is observable, though the script remains predominantly legible, suggesting effective preservation.

The hieroglyphs, etched precisely into the limestone, are representative of the linguistic skill and craftsmanship of ancient Egypt. The stylized hieroglyphic figures may be identified loosely as imitations of fauna, flora, and manmade objects. They are structured in specific patterns to denote words and sounds in the Ancient Egyptian language.

Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology
Pepi I Pyramid, Saqqara, Egypt