This rectangular wooden panel is significant size, dating back to the late 15th century - notably the period of Sultan Qaitbay's rule, recognized as a pinnacle of Mamluk architectural achievement in Cairo.

Crafted from durable and versatile wood, the object features intricate calligraphic inscriptions and geometric motifs which substantiate the central Islamic art principles. These inscriptions, encompassing Quranic verses in Kufic and Nashki writings, frame the panel peripherally, producing a detailed border around the central emblem.

The panel coloration relies heavily on earthy hues with notable gold leaf applications outlining the scripture and salient features. The elaborate latticework and inlay work reflect the detail-oriented craftsmanship characteristic of the era.

The central emblem, a blazon representing the heraldic badge of the Sultan's dynasty, underscores Sultan Qaitbay's affinity for symbolic representation. Comprising two intersecting loops, the emblem embarks Sultan Qaitbay's name and various titular ranks, tacitly asserting his dominion and influence.

This object encapsulates the aesthetic predilections of the late Mamluk period, which endorsed detailed designs, symmetric and recurring patterns, along with a profound rapport with Islamic motifs and scripture. Despite its antiquity, the panel sustains a large portion of its initial grandeur, thus substantiating the unparalleled craftsmanship of the era.

Museum of Islamic Art, Cairo
Qaitbay Citadel