This pyramidion is an essential artifact from Egypt's 12th Dynasty, approximated to the reign of Amenemhat III (circa 1818-1772 BC). This object, hewn from black granite, is the apex or capstone typically found at the summit of a pyramid or an obelisk, evidencing the precise stone working skills of the period. It measures approximately one and a half meters in height and presents a four-faced, pointed form, a representation of sunlight's path to earth.

Each side of this pyramidion is adorned with intricately etched hieroglyphics, highlighted with intentional pigmentation. Two sides prominently display the titulary of Pharaoh Amenemhat III, establishing its specific ties to this ruler. A notable inscription on one face is the 'Horus of Behdet' emblem, representing the winged sun disk, a determinant of pharaonic authority.

The 'Pyramidion of Amenemhat III' serves as a substantial research tool for understanding the religious, cultural, and societal practices of Ancient Egypt's Middle Kingdom era. The artifact underlines the civilization's sun-worshipping rituals, which were a cornerstone of their religious doctrines. The pointed apex symbolizes the ascension of the pharaoh's spirit to the heavenly sphere, purportedly connecting the pharaoh to the sun deity Ra. The choice of black granite potentially signifies the fertile soils abutting the life-sustaining Nile, a key factor in the Egyptians' life and death ideologies.

This artifact further showcases the tradition of immortalizing a pharaoh's rule through monumental architecture and assignments. It underscores the use of artistic mediums to perpetuate a pharaoh's legacy and exemplify divine supremacy.

Egyptian Museum in Cairo