The is an architectural remnant from the late Classical period of Ancient Greece, specifically the latter part of the 4th century BC. Measuring an estimated 16.5 meters wide and 3.5 meters high, it is constructed from Parian marble, a material noted for its pure white hue and fine texture, widely utilized in Greek sculpture.

These sculptures are part of an epistyle, or pediment, which originally decorated the eastern entrance of the Temple of Apollo in Delphi. The pediment features a detailed frieze of relief sculptures, constituting a mythological representation. Central to the design is Dionysus, the deity associated with wine-making and indulgence in Greek mythology, flanked by two Maenads, his female devotees.

Unique to this piece is the atypical asymmetric composition of the figures; this creativity deviates from the standard mirrored arrangement frequently observed in ancient Greco-Roman pediments. The interpretation of the scene indicates the left side provides a portrayal of a Dionysian procession, amid a depiction of Maenads performing a ceremonial dance, a tribute to their patron deity.

Although the pediment exhibits erosion and damage due to the passage of time, significant parts maintain their integrity, offering a valuable perspective into the aesthetic sensibilities and ritual depictions prevalent during this era of classical Greek artistic expression. The preservation of facial details, flowing robes, and the storytelling aspect of the scene contribute to the artifact's historical significance.

Records indicate that the pediment was a component of the third temple erected on the site, following the destruction of previous structures by seismic activity and fire.

This pediment represents an essential resource for understanding the social and religious conventions of the era. It is not only a marker of its contemporaneous artistic trends, but also reflects the central role of religious and mythological narratives in influencing public life and architectural styling in ancient civilizations. Thus, the pediment stands as a physical reminder of the intricate interplay between art and spirituality of the classical period.

Archaeological Museum of Delphi
Delphi, Sacred Way